Your chimney has an important role to play in the overall safety of the atmosphere in your home. Not only does your chimney provide proper airflow for your fireplace to burn, but it also plays a significant part in keeping harmful smoke and gases out of your living space. In order for your chimney to work effectively, however, it must be constructed properly, which is why the folks here at All Year Chimney Sweeps and Repairs thought acquainting you with the composition of your chimney system from top to bottom will help you identify any problems, damage or other changes to your chimney.
YOUR CHIMNEY’S FOUNDATION
Your chimney needs to have sturdy support from beneath. If you do not have an appropriate foundation, the masonry of your chimney can shift causing cracks, structural damage and leaning.
THE ASH DUMP
The ash dump of your chimney runs from the firebox through a trap door allowing you to easily clean away the ashes from your fireplace by way of scooping. It is a safe place for all your ashes to cool down and remain until such time you clean it out.
THE HEARTH AND FIREBOX
The firebox is the space within the chimney where the fire burns. It endures the highest temperatures and typically gets the least amount of attention from homeowners. The hearth is the actual floor portion of the firebox that extends outward into your room. It is quite durable and can be decorative as well.
THE SMOKE CHAMBER AND ITS SHELF
The smoke chamber is the area above the fireplace where all the heat and various gases blend together before they move upward into the flue. The slanted walls of the chamber direct the smoke upward and the chamber shelf keeps the gases and the smoke from falling downwards into the fireplace.
The damper is installed at the base of your chimney or if you have a top mount damper it is installed at the top of your chimney flue. The damper plays a significant role in the proper functioning of your chimney in that it allows for appropriate air flow needed to light and maintain a fire. A damper can also help to prevent airflow when the fireplace is not in use.
THE FLUE LINER
The flue liner extends all along the entire chimney. It is constructed with clay tile, slip casting, stainless steel and a specialized sealant. The liner helps to ensure the proper size of the flue needed for peek airflow, while protecting your home from gases and heat inside of the chimney. It also protects the chimney masonry from any corrosive elements inside of the chimney.
CHIMNEY CROWN, FLASHING, CAP
In order to maintain the overall integrity of your chimney, you must protect it against water sources all year round. The crown is somewhat of a mortar ceiling that is placed at the very top of your chimney and extends outward from the chimney flue. The chimney cap has one primary function of protecting the flue opening, while the flashing serves to protect the intersecting point of the chimney and your roof.
Every part of your home’s chimney has an important role and is essential. For this reason, the team here at All Year Chimney Sweeps and Repairs advise all our clients to keep all the components of your chimney intact and in proper working order. With that in mind, it is important to schedule an annual chimney inspection to ensure that your chimney is in tip top shape. Reach out to our professional team for all your chimney inspections and repairs. We look forward to serving you and to providing you with products and services that will simply not be matched by any of our competitors. If you are in need of a chimney system inspection or repairs of any type, then we are the team for you. Don’t delay. Contact our friendly chimney technicians today. You’ll be glad you did!!